The more educated you are on the structures that make up your home, the better you will be at keeping your home safe and secure.
If you have ever wondered about the terminology of the parts of your roof, we have a short guide here for you to get the basics. This information will help you get your roof replaced or fixed if you ever need to.
ShinglesYou probably already know what shingles are. When you look at your roof, you will see the shingles. They are all on the outside and visible.
You may not know that shingles are like a suit of armor. They protect your house from the outside elements, like water and debris. Shingles are a strong barrier that sheds water and keeps everything beneath them dry. Shingles are your first defense against natural threats like wind, rain, and heat.
There are many different types of shingles available. The most common is the asphalt shingle, which is the most affordable. Tile and metal shingles are a bit more expensive and have different styles.
DeckingUnderneath the shingles is the decking. The decking is a surface for the weatherproofing material and shingles to attach. Decking is usually a series of flat boards attached to the frame.
While decking is a significant layer to protect your home, you can't see it from the outside or the inside. When inside your attic, the insulation prevents you from seeing the decking. The decking will stay nice and dry if the shingles are installed correctly and don't get damaged. However, if the decking does get wet, it could rot and reduce the stability of your roof. If this problem goes unnoticed for a long time, it could create leaks and damage the inside of your home, like the electrical system.
UnderlaymentA waterproof layer called the underlayment will be between the shingles and the decking. It is directly attached to the decking and offers protection from severe weather.
FlashingFlashing is made from a thin strip of galvanized steel and is used to keep water from vulnerable areas on your roof. Usually, flashing keeps the sections where the roof connects with a vertical surface like the wall or a chimney dry. Flashing is essential because it prevents water from getting into your home and causing problems.
Drip EdgeThe drip edge directs water runoff away from the roof and gets in underneath all the shingles, underlayment, and decking layers. The thin metal goes on the outside of the roof, around the perimeter.
Soffit and FasciaYour roof's last two essential components are the soffit and the fascia. All you need to know is the soffits protect the underside of the rafters that extend out from the walls. Also, the fascia is the roofline, a long straight board that runs along the roof's lower edge.
The More You KnowWhen you know what to look for, you can fix problems right away with the help of a professional. Now that you know the basics, you’ll be able to check all the areas of your roof for damage.
Regularly inspect your roof. If you see bulging on your roof, that is sign moisture has gotten beneath your shingles. When that happens, water causes the wood of the decking to swell.
If there is water damage on your roof, it could mean you need a repair or a more costly replacement. Have a professional come inspect your roof and give you a quote.